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He then escaped to Berlin, and gave his first name as Arnold, possibly to avoid anti-Semitic persecution. Nimzowitsch eventually moved to Copenhagen in , [6] which coincided with his rise to the world chess elite, where he lived for the rest of his life in one small rented room.

He obtained Danish citizenship and lived in Denmark until his death in The height of Nimzowitsch's career was the late s and early s. Nimzowitsch never developed a knack for match play, though; his best match success was a draw with Alekhine, but the match consisted of only two games and took place in , thirteen years before Alekhine became world champion.

Nimzowitsch never beat Capablanca, but fared better against Alekhine. He even beat Alekhine with the black pieces , in their short match at St. Another game on this theme is his win over Paul Johner at Dresden When in form, Nimzowitsch was very dangerous with the black pieces, scoring many fine wins over top players. Nimzowitsch is considered one of the most important players and writers in chess history. Mein System is considered to be one of the most influential chess books of all time.

chess - aron nimzowitsch - master of planning - raymond keene - batsford 1991-by phun.pdf

Nimzowitsch's chess theories , when first propounded, flew in the face of widely held orthodoxies enunciated by the dominant theorist of the era, Siegbert Tarrasch , and his disciples. Tarrasch's rigid generalizations drew on the earlier work of Wilhelm Steinitz , and were upheld by Tarrasch's sharp tongue when dismissing the opinions of doubters. While the greatest players of the time, among them Alekhine , Emanuel Lasker and Capablanca , clearly did not allow their play to be hobbled by blind adherence to general concepts that the center had to be controlled by pawns , that development had to happen in support of this control, that rooks always belong on open files, that wing openings were unsound—core ideas of Tarrasch's chess philosophy as popularly understood—beginners were taught to think of these generalizations as unalterable principles.

Nimzowitsch supplemented many of the earlier simplistic assumptions about chess strategy by enunciating in his turn a further number of general concepts of defensive play aimed at achieving one's own goals by preventing realization of the opponent's plans. Notable in his "system" were concepts such as overprotection of pieces and pawns under attack, control of the center by pieces instead of pawns, blockading of opposing pieces notably the passed pawns and prophylaxis.

The Life and Chess of Aron Nimzowitsch

He was also a leading exponent of the fianchetto development of bishops. Perhaps most importantly, he formulated the terminology still in use for various complex chess strategies. Others had used these ideas in practice, but he was the first to present them systematically as a lexicon of themes accompanied by extensive taxonomical observations.

Grandmaster GM Raymond Keene writes that Nimzowitsch "was one of the world's leading grandmasters for a period extending over a quarter of a century, and for some of that time he was the obvious challenger for the world championship.

He would be understood only long after his death. Many chess openings and variations are named after Nimzowitsch, the most famous being the Nimzo-Indian Defence 1. Nc3 Bb4 and the less often played Nimzowitsch Defence 1. Nimzowitsch biographer GM Raymond Keene and others have referred to 1. Nf3 followed by 2. Keene wrote a book about the opening with that title. These openings all exemplify Nimzowitsch's ideas about controlling the center with pieces instead of pawns.

He was also vital in the development of two important systems in the French Defence , the Winawer Variation in some places called the Nimzowitsch Variation; its moves are 1. Nc3 Bb4 and the Advance Variation 1.

He also pioneered two provocative variations of the Sicilian Defence : the Nimzowitsch Variation , 1. Nf3 Nf6, which invites 3. Nf3 Nc6 3. Nxd4 d5?! International Master John L. Watson has dubbed the line 1. Nc3 e6 3. There are many entertaining anecdotes regarding Nimzowitsch—some less savory than others. Nimzowitsch was annoyed by his opponents' smoking. Rxf1 Rxg3 threatens the neat Qxb6 Bxc4 Rb2 Bxf1 Rxf1 Rxg3, does not Bg2 hold? For instance Granted, the game may have influenced both players.

His game wasn't necessarily lost, but he was certainly cramped. It won other accolades as well. Emanuel Lasker considered it the best game played in ten years, while Bent Larsen recently said that this one game, more than any other, influenced his development as a player. Nimzowitsch himself, who saw no need for false modesty about a notable achievement, said, 'One of the best blockading games that I ever played. Maybe someone has the tournament book? Not encountered the name Johannes Fischer before. Will look out for more stuff by him.

Bg2 Qg7 Rff2 Nh4 and I don't see a defense.

PRINCIPIA SCACCHORUM: A Friendly Invitation for a Debate to All Big Guns of Chess -

One problem seems to be that Winter's article, useful though it is, seems to not say anything about the games influence on Larsen. I think I did find a good lead from a cached webpage likely soon to be gone for good For those many discerning readers who are aware of the poor quality of Keene's chess books, please accept my opinion or check for your self that this is one of the few attempts by Keene that is worth printing, let alone being kept in print. The table of contents will provide a map of the author's discussion on his subject: 1.

Why write about Aron Nimzowitsch?

by Keene, Raymond

How I became a Grandmaster extracts from Nimzowitsch's brief autobiography. A discussion with Bent Larsen including influences of Nimzowitsch. The influence of Nimzowitsch on modern opening play. The Duality of Nimzowitsch. Selected games. It appears this book is out of print Frown, but can be found at www. It is noteworthy that two contributors, Larsen and Szabo, each chose as his influential game the classic Johner-Nimzowitsch blockade.

Keene indicates that Larsen criticizes white's play, and Szabo finds fault with black's! The first annotated game had only one restriction: the annotator could NOT have won that game. Perhaps it was a game from a famous grandmaster the annotator studied as a youth; perhaps a game the annotator lost; perhaps it was a game with a beautiful finish. The annotators were left to their own rationale for including the first game. Alexander after Hastings , Larsen remarked that Johner-Nimzowitsch was probably the game by another Master which had exerted the deepest influence on his own style.

I have never seen that book though. I used to own the Batsford Learn From the Grandmasters and I recall that Larsen makes some similar comments there. As well as Larsen, Andersson, Browne, Kavalek, Hartston give entertaining analysis of their games; I recommend it if you can find a copy. Of course Larsen probably reaffirmed the importance of this game at different times. It's nice to have any given source. It's even nicer to know the source for where he said it in print for the first time.

If you have a chance to get this excellent book then get it.

All the games are good. Larsen's notes to this game runs over 7 pages with some typical Larsen humour. He questions there was such a thing as the Soviet School of Chess " It made a lasting impression and he says he knows he is not the only one.

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For the record Reinfeld in 'Hypermodern Chess' or Nimzovitch's Best Games "The definitive collection of Nimzovitch's revolutionary games and their startling unconventional theories. It's lifts originality to monumental heights. He stated this in the book How to Open a Chess Game. Any other multiple-citation "influential" games in Keene's book? Nf1 was a bad move.